Project 2: Kinetic Object Inquiry

August 22, 2012

Introduction

This project is the beginning of a thorough investigation of a selected object with at least two moving parts.

This will be done through a series of drawings, along with careful study of the object. Students should be able to take apart the object chosen, and examine its parts in order to come to a complete understanding of its movements, and functionality.

Certain drawing tools will be essential to achieve a successful two dimensional investigation of the object, such as a compass, and a straight edge.

Objectives

Learning how to express the qualities of a 3-D object through a series of technical drawings, and to describe the nature of its movements and functions is the main objective of this project.

It is vital that students think pragmatically about the way their drawings express the primary features of this mechanical object, and the nature of its movements. Using layout strategies on this page to articulate the different aspects of it is something you should consider carefully, and planning the layout is essential.

These are labor-intensive drawings and should be an investigation that takes multiple hours per drawing. These are not sketches, and construction lines are essential to showing your process and investment in accuracy, and description. Do not erase your construction lines or regulating lines.

Download project brief as .pdf file.

Part 1: Object Selection

Every student must bring in 3 objects to evaluate with their individual instructor in order to select the best possible object for this project through consultation. Object Constraints – The objects must:

  1. Have at least two moving parts.
  2. Analog, i.e. not consisting of digital components.
  3. Mechanical in nature, i.e. tools or instruments.
  4. Maximum Dimensions: Object must fit inside a 30 cm cube.
  5. Minimum Dimension: No smaller than 10cm in its largest dimension.
  6. Please see INDA Year One Forum for some examples of good objects.

Part 2: Elevations & Compass Construction

In the first phase of this investigation students will be limited to the use of only a compass as a measuring tool and drawing instrument.

Using a compass as a way to understand objects, and to construct geometries is a valuable methodology.

The full range of the object’s movements must be expressed in the drawings, and should demonstrate
an understanding of its maximum and minimum ranges and types of motion. The utility of the object’s usage is also an important aspect to consider.

See diagrams attached to this document as reference for some common methods of geometric construction using a compass and straight edge.

Part 2: Objectives

  1. To investigate and represent the movements of a selected object.
  2. To learn to the basics of descriptive geometry and extend prior methods of parallel projection in the study of kinetic movement.

Part 2: Deliverables

  1. Four 1:1 scale elevation drawings using a compass and a straight edge on 1/2 Imperial scale paper that explore the movements of the selected object.
  2. These drawings can be made using single sheets of paper or multiple pieces of 1/2 Imperial scale paper. The layout of the drawings should be carefully considered, and should reinforce the inquiry into the object.

Part 3: Sections & Explosions

In the first part of this investigation students will develop their inquiries into the selected objects through section drawings and exploded orthographic drawings.

This set of drawings should be coordinated with the existing elevation drawings and should serve to reinforce the inquiry into the object’s movement.

Part 3: Objectives

  1. To investigate and represent the movements of a selected object through section and exploded drawings.
  2. To learn to the basics of descriptive geometry and extend prior methods of parallel projection in the study of kinetic movement.
  3. Consider the relationship between the utility of a movement and the sequence of movement in section drawings and the critical elements of the object that enable or restrict the movements studied through exploded drawings.

Part 3: Deliverables

  1. Minimum of one 1:1 scale section drawing using a compass and a straight edge on 1/2 Imperial scale paper that reveals critical sequences in the movements of the selected object. This drawing should be integrated with your elevation drawings.
  2. Minimum of one 1:1 scale exploded drawing, where critical elements are exploded from the elevation and/or section.